Conspiracy, Attempt, and Solicitation
Conspiracy, Attempt, and Solicitation in Florida are crimes best described as “inchoate” or “incomplete.” Simply put, a person is charged with Conspiracy, Attempt, or Solicitation when that person started to commit a crime but did not complete the crime.
A Conspiracy to commit a crime is an agreement between two or more people to commit a crime, taking steps in furtherance of committing the crime, but for whatever reason not ultimately carrying out the crime to completion (perhaps they were arrested before they could finish the job).
An Attempted crime is a crime that was not completed because either the defendant failed for some reason in his or her criminal endeavors (missing a shot, for example) or the defendant was prevented from completing the crime (by being arrested, for example).
A Solicitation to commit a crime is where a defendant requests, encourages, or hires another person to commit a crime. The solicited crime does not necessarily need to be committed; the person being asked or encouraged could refuse to commit the crime and the defendant/encourager could still be charged with Solicitation in Florida.
Specific Conspiracy, Attempt, and Solicitation Crimes are found here:
Each individual Conspiracy, Attempt, or Solicitation crime in Florida carries with it a difference sentence, ranging anywhere from a second-degree misdemeanor punishable by up to 60 days in jail to a first-degree felony punishable up to 30 years in prison. Anyone facing Conspiracy, Attempt, or Solicitation Charges in Florida should contact an attorney to discuss an aggressive and comprehensive defense.Contact The Law Office of Roger P. Foley, P.A.
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Florida Statute 777.04 prohibits anyone from attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit a crime. A way to think about these crimes is that they are all stops along the road to committing a crime, each one getting closer to the intended destination. Attempt can be committed with one person while solicitation and conspiracy necessarily involve some third-party. If you or someone you know has been charged and arrested in accordance to this statute, do not hesitate to contact one of our West Palm Beach Criminal Lawyers.
An attempt is where the defendant tries but fails to commit a crime. In baseball terminology, it is a “swing and a miss.” See Florida Statute 777.04(1).
For the defendant, Mr. Jones, to be convicted of the crime of attempt, the state prosecutor must prove:
- Mr. Jones acted in such a way that went beyond just thinking about the crime; and
- Mr. Jones would have been successful in committing the crime but; either
- Something or someone stopped Mr. Jones; or
- Mr. Jones was not successful.
A possible defense to attempt is where the defendant abandoned their attempt to commit the crime or otherwise prevented it from happening. See Florida Statute 777.04(5)(a).
Solicitation is where the defendant is asking or trying to convince another individual to commit a crime.
For the defendant, Mr. Jones to be convicted of solicitation, the state prosecutor must prove:
- Mr. Jones asked someone to commit a crime; and
- While they were talking, Mr. Jones directed, encouraged, invited, asked, or hired another person to commit a crime or attempt to commit the crime.
Florida Statute 777.04(5)(b) provides a defense for solicitation if Mr. Jones convinced the other person to not commit the crime or prevented the other person from carrying out the crime.
Conspiracy is where the defendant goes beyond just asking another person to commit a crime, but all the way to the defendant agreeing with the other person to carry out the crime. The defendant does not have to orally agree with the other would be criminal to commit the crime. The defendant can be convicted of this crime if both parties did not commit the crime that was conspired about.
For the defendant to be convicted of committed conspiracy, the state prosecutor must prove:
- The defendant asked another person to commit a crime; and
- The defendant agreed with the other person to cause the crime.
If the defendant persuaded or prevented the other person from committing the crime after they had already agreed to commit it, Florida Statute 777.04(5)(c) provides the defendant with a defense to the conspiracy charge.
Punishment for Attempt, Solicitation, or Conspiracy
Depending on the crime being attempted, solicited, or conspired, the punishment can range anywhere between a second-degree misdemeanor that is punishable by 60 days in jail with a $500 fine all the way up to a first-degree felony which is punishable up to 30 years in prison and a $10,000 fine.
Contact the Law Office of Roger P. Foley, P.A.
If you have been arrested and charged with attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy, it is important that you contact an attorney at our office. Our West Palm Beach Crime Attempt Lawyers can help explain to you your legal options and fight it every step of the way. We are ready to go to trial, if necessary, but our goal is to find the best result for you. That maybe diversion, a plea bargain, a motion to suppress, or a trial- it all depends on your particular facts and what is best for you.